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      Android跳转到系统联系人及拨号或短信界面
      发布时间:2016-12-21 08:10:45 关键词: android跳转拨号界面
      内容简介:现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下特此分享到脚本之家平台供大家参考

    现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。 

    1、跳转到拨号界面,代码如下: 

    1)直接拨打 

    Intent intentPhone = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL, Uri.parse("tel:" + phoneNumber)); 
    startActivity(intentPhone);

    2)跳转到拨号界面 

    Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL,Uri.parse("tel:" + phoneNumber)); 
    intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK); 
    startActivity(intent); 

    2、跳转到联系人页面,使用一下代码: 

    Intent intentPhone = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL, Uri.parse("tel:" + phoneNumber)); 
    startActivity(intentPhone); 

    以下内容为转载: 

    Android开发之Intent跳转到系统应用中的拨号界面、联系人界面、短信界面 现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。 

    //安装已经存在的apk 
    String filePath="mnt/sdcard/abc.apk"; 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
    intent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse("file://" + filePath), 
        "application/vnd.Android.package-archive"); 
    startActivity(intent);//直接跳到安装页面,但是还要点击按钮确定安装,还是取消安装 
    //卸载某应用 
    String packageName="org.adw.launcher2" 
    Uri packageUri = Uri.parse("package:"+packageName);//包名,指定该应用 
    Intent uninstallIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, packageUri); 
    startActivity(uninstallIntent); 
    //查看某一应用程序的信息 
     Uri uri=Uri.parse("package:"+packageName);//包名,指定该应用 
    Intent intent=new Intent("android.settings.APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS", uri); 
    startActivity(intent);  
    2.浏览网页某一具体网址 
     Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx");  
     Intent intent  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); 
    //加下面这句话就是启动系统自带的浏览器打开上面的网址, 不加下面一句话, 如果你有多个浏览器,就会弹出让你选择某一浏览器, 然后改浏览器就会打开该网址............... 
    intent.setClassName("com.android.browser", "com.android.browser.BrowserActivity");  
     startActivity(intent); 
    //系统 设置 界面 
    Intent intent=new Intent(); 
     intent.setClassName("com.android.settings","com.android.settings.Settings"); 
    startActivity(intent);  
    //回到桌面吗 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_MAIN); 
    intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_HOME); 
    startActivity(intent); 
    //系统  拨号  界面 
    Intent intent= new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL);  
    intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity"); 
    startActivity(intent);    
    //系统 通话记录 界面 
    Intent intent =new Intent();  
    intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");  
    startActivity(intent); 
    //拨号 
     Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");   
     Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);    
     startActivity(intent);  
    //启动拨号界面,指定了类名 包名  是系统的拨号界面  DialtactsActivity 
    Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL");  
     intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity"); 
    startActivity(intent);  
    //系统 联系人 界面  PeopleActivity 
    Intent intent001 = new Intent(); 
    intent001.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.activities.PeopleActivity"); 
    startActivity(intent001);  
    //系统 搜索  界面  SearchActivity 
    Intent intent002=new Intent(); 
    intent002.setClassName("com.android.quicksearchbox", "com.android.quicksearchbox.SearchActivity"); 
    startActivity(intent002); 
    //启动短信收件箱的界面,指定了包名,类名 
     Intent intent4 = new Intent(); 
    intent4.setClassName("com.android.mms","com.android.mms.ui.ConversationList"); 
    startActivity(intent4); 
     //启动联系人界面,不好 
    Intent intent = new Intent();  
     intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);  
     intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);  
     startActivity(intent); 
    插入联系人 
    Intent intent=newIntent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));  
    startActivity(intent); 
    到联系人列表界面 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);  
    intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");  
    intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");  
    intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3); 
    //启动短信收件箱的界面,指定了包名,类名 
    Intent intent = new Intent(); 
    intent.setClassName("com.android.mms","com.android.mms.ui.ConversationList"); 
    startActivity(intent); 
    //启动编辑短信的界面 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
    intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");  
     // intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此为号码 
    startActivity(intent); 
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
    2--------------------------------------------------------------- 
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
    现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。 
     首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下: 
     Intent intent =new Intent();  
     intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");  
     startActivity(intent); 
    和 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");   
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);    
    startActivity(intent);  
    两者都行   
    但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码: 
    Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL");   
    intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity"); 
    到通话记录界面: 
    Intent intent=new Intent();  
    intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);  
    startActivity(intent);  
    到联系人界面: 
    Intent intent = new Intent();   
    intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
    intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);   
    startActivity(intent); 
    到应用: 
    Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT");   
    intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity"); 
    调用联系人界面: 
    Intent intent = new Intent();   
    intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);   
    intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);   
    startActivity(intent);   
    插入联系人 
    Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));  
    startActivity(intent);  
    到联系人列表界面   
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);  
    intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");  
    intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");  
    intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);  
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);   
    intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3); 
    复制代码 
    到短信界面: 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
    intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");  
    //intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此为号码  
    startActivity(intent);  
    到应用: 
    Intent intent = new Intent("android.intent.action.CONVERSATION");  
    startActivity(intent);  
    以下是在网上找到的其他方法: 
    1.从google搜索内容 
    Intent intent = new Intent();   
    intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);   
    intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")   
    startActivity(intent);   
    2.浏览网页 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");   
    Intent it  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);   
    startActivity(it); 
    3.显示地图 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");   
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);   
    startActivity(it);   
    4.路径规划 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");   
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);   
    startActivity(it);  
    5.拨打电话 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");   
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);    
    startActivity(it);  
    和 
    uri = Uri.parse("tel:"+number);   
    intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);   
    startActivity(intent);  
    其中不同自己试验一下就知道了。  
    6.调用发短信的程序 
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);    
    it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");    
    it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");    
    startActivity(it); 
    和 
    uri = Uri.parse("smsto:"+要发送短信的对方的number);   
    intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);   
    startActivity(intent);   
    和 
    mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
    mIntent.putExtra("address", c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));   
    mIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");   
    startActivity(mIntent);   
    7.发送短信 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");    
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);    
    it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");    
    startActivity(it);   
    String body="this is sms demo";   
    Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));   
    mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);   
    mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);   
    mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);   
    startActivity(mmsintent);<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"> </span>  
    8.发送彩信 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");    
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
    it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");    
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);    
    it.setType("image/png");    
    startActivity(it);   
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();   
    sb.append("file://");   
    sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());   
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));   
    // Below extra datas are all optional.   
    intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);   
    intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);   
    intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());   
    intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);   
    intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);   
    startActivity(intent);   
    9.发送Email 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");   
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
    startActivity(it);   
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");    
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");    
    it.setType("text/plain");    
    startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));   
    Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
    String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     
    String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};     
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");     
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");     
    it.setType("message/rfc822");     
    startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));    
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");    
    it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");    
    sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");    
    startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));   
    10.播放多媒体   
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");   
    it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");   
    startActivity(it);   
    Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");    
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);    
    startActivity(it);   
    11.uninstall apk 
    Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);    
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);    
    startActivity(it);  
    12.install apk 
    Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);   
    returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);  
    13. 打开照相机 
    <1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);   
         this.sendBroadcast(i);   
    <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();   
         String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";   
         fileName = folder + name;   
         ContentValues values = new ContentValues();   
         values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);   
         values.put("_data", fileName);   
         values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);   
         Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(   
         MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);   
         Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);   
         inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);   
         startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10); 
    14.从gallery选取图片 
        Intent i = new Intent();   
        i.setType("image/*");   
        i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);   
        startActivityForResult(i, 11);   
    15. 打开录音机 
    Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);   
    startActivity(mi); 
    16.显示应用详细列表 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");      
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);      
    startActivity(it);      
    //where app_id is the application ID, find the ID       
    //by clicking on your application on Market home       
    //page, and notice the ID from the address bar<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">  </span> 
    刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");
    这个简单多了  
    17寻找应用 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");      
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);      
    startActivity(it);   
    //where pkg_name is the full package path for an application<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">   </span>  
    18打开联系人列表 
         Intent i = new Intent();   
         i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);   
         i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");   
         startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT); 
         Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");   
         Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);   
         startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);  
    19 打开另一程序 
    Intent i = new Intent();   
    ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",  "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");   
    i.setComponent(cn);   
    i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");   
    startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);  
    20 添加到短信收件箱 
    ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();    
    cv.put("type", "1");   
    cv.put("address","短信地址");  
    cv.put("body", "短信内容");   
    getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), cv); 
    21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询 
    Cursor cursor;  
    Uri uri;  
    if (type == 1) {  
    Intent intent = new Intent();  
    intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://icc/adn"));  
    uri = intent.getData();  
    } else  
    uri = People.CONTENT_URI;  
    cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);  
    while (cursor.moveToNext()) {  
    int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID); 
    int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME);  
    int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);} 
    查看某个联系人,当然这里是ACTION_VIEW,如果为选择并返回action改为ACTION_PICK,当然处理intent时返回需要用到 startActivityforResult  
    Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);//最后的ID参数为联系人Provider中的数据库BaseID,即哪一行  
    Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent);  
    22 删除 
    uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 联系人id);  
    int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null 
    23 添加到联系人: 
    ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();  
    ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> operationList = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();  
    ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);  
    builder.withValues(cv);  
    operationList.add(builder.build());  
    builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);  
    builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);  
    builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  
    builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, "自定义联系人名");  
    operationList.add(builder.build());  
    builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);  
    builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);  
    builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  
    builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "联系人的phonenumber");  
    builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);  
    operationList.add(builder.build());  
    try {  
         getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);  
        } catch (RemoteException e) {  
          e.printStackTrace();  
        } catch (OperationApplicationException e) {  
         e.printStackTrace();  
       }  
    23 选择一个图片 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);   
    intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);  
    intent.setType("image/*");  
    startActivityForResult(intent, 0); 
    24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置 
    Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);  
    intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/cwj", android123 + ".jpg"))); //存放位置为sdcard卡上cwj文件夹,文件名为android123.jpg格式  
    startActivityForResult(intent, 0);  
    25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的写法如下 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj");   
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent); 
    26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开 
    private void openFile(File f)   
    {   
      Intent intent = new Intent();   
      intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);   
      intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
      String type = getMIMEType(f);   
      intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);   
      startActivity(intent);   
    }   
    private String getMIMEType(File f){   
      String end = f .getName() .substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1,f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();   
     String type = "";   
     if (end.equals("mp3") || end.equals("aac") || end.equals("aac")|| end.equals("amr") || end.equals("mpeg")|| end.equals("mp4"))   
     {   
       type = "audio";   
     } 
     else if (end.equals("jpg") || end.equals("gif")|| end.equals("png") || end.equals("jpeg"))   
     {  
       type = "image";   
      } 
     else   
     {   
       type = "*";   
     }   
       type += "/*";    
       return type;   
    }  
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
    现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。 
    1、跳转到拨号界面,代码如下: 
    1)直接拨打 
    Intent intentPhone = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL, Uri.parse("tel:" + phoneNumber)); 
    startActivity(intentPhone); 
    2)跳转到拨号界面 
    Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL,Uri.parse("tel:" + phoneNumber)); 
    intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK); 
    startActivity(intent); 
    2、跳转到联系人页面,使用一下代码: 
    Intent intentPhone = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL, Uri.parse("tel:" + phoneNumber)); 
    startActivity(intentPhone); 
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
    3--------------------------------------------------------------- 
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 

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